Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 | What is the Five Year Plan, information about the 13th Five Year Plan of India in Hindi

Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021:-The five-year plan is launched by the central government every 5 years for economic and social development for the people of the country. Five Year Plans are centralized and integrated national economic programs.

So far 12th Five Year Plans have been released under this scheme. Under this scheme, facilities are being provided in the country for agricultural development, providing employment opportunities, promotion of productivity by using human and physical resources. Dear friends, today we are going to provide you all the information related to the scheme through this article, so read our article till the end.

Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1951–1956)

The First Five Year Plan was started by the first Prime Minister of our country, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in the year 1951 and the tenure of this scheme lasted till 1956. It is the national plan of India which is developed and implemented by the Planning Commission under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister.

The first five-year plan laid special emphasis on the agricultural sector as food shortages were a matter of grave concern during that period. During this five-year plan, the foundations of five steel plants were laid.

The target of a Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021

  • Achieving self-sufficiency in the shortest possible time in the case of food grains
  • Controlling inflation.
  • Refugees resettlement
  • Along with this, the process of all-round development was started in this scheme, so that the national income can be assured of continuous increase.

Agriculture was given priority under this scheme.

Second Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1956 –1961)

The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1956 to 1961. Under this scheme, the focus was on the industry. Domestic production of industrial products was encouraged in the Second Plan. Under this scheme, it was targeted to increase the national income by 25% in 5 years to raise the standard of living of the people of the country. The 2ed Five Year Plan attempted to maximize long-run economic growth in order to determine the optimal allocation of investment among productive sectors.

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Second Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 target

  • Priority of industry was given under this scheme.
  • Under this scheme, domestic production of producers in the country was encouraged.
  • The plan is a closed economy in which the main business activity will be focused on import capital goods.
  • During this plan three big steel factories were opened – Bhilai, Durgapur, Rourkela.

Third Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1961–1966)

The plan emphasized reforms in agriculture and wheat production. But the brief 1962 India-China war exposed weaknesses in the economy and shifted the focus to the defense industry. The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1961 to 1966. Several cement and fertilizer plants were also built under this scheme and abundance production of wheat was started in Punjab. To promote agriculture and wheat production in the country under this scheme.

The target of Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021

  • Priority was given to agriculture and industry under this scheme.
  • The objective of the Third Five-Year Plan is to make the economy self-reliant and also to export abroad.
  • Under this scheme, new industries were expanded such as the provision of cement, chemical food, etc.
  • The target of the domestic product (GDP) was to achieve a growth rate of 5.6 percent. The growth rate achieved was 2.84 percent.

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Fourth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1969–1974)

The scheme was started in the year 1969. The tenure of this scheme lasted from 1969 to 1974. Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister at the time of the commencement of the 4th Five Year Plans. Under the Fourth Five-Year Plan, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s government nationalized 14 major Indian banks and agriculture progressed through the Green Revolution. Indira Gandhi gave the slogan of ‘Poverty Poverty’ at the time of the 1971 elections. The fund was earmarked for industrial development, sent to the war effort.

The target of the fourth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021

  • Economic development was given priority under this scheme.
  • Economic growth with stability and
  • Greater attainment of self-sufficiency
  • In the Fourth Five Year Plan, the growth rate was kept at 5.7%, and in reality, only 3.3% could be achieved.

Fifth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1974 – 1979)

Emphasis was laid on self-sufficiency in agricultural production and defense under this scheme. The Regional Rural Bank was established on 2 October 1975. The plan was to reduce social, economic, and regional inequality and achieve self-sufficiency along with poverty alleviation.

Sixth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1980–1985)

This scheme has been started for economic liberalization. The term of the Sixth Five-Year Plan lasted from 1980 to 1985. The Sixth Five-Year Plan has been prepared repeatedly by the first Janata Party (for the period 1978-1983), the “Continuous Plan”. But after the formation of Indira Gandhi’s new government in 1980, the scheme was abolished and the new Sixth Five-Year Plan (1980–1985) was launched. The plan emphasized the need to eliminate poverty in the country and get employment.

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Sixth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 target

The main objective of this scheme was to eradicate poverty from the country and to establish economic development, modernization, and social justice.
Under this scheme, inflation declined from 16.7% to 5%.

Seventh Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1985–1990)

This scheme was started to increase production and create employment opportunities in India. The Indira Awaas Yojana, Indira Awaas Yojana (1985–86), Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (1989), and Nehru Rozgar Yojana (1989) were implemented in the Seventh Five Year Plan. The 7th Plan was aimed towards socialism and large-scale energy production. Important areas of 7th Five Year Plans have been organized.

Seventh Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 target

  • Reduce poverty by country
  • And boost production.
  • To progress in social activities.
  • To lead rural areas towards progress.

Eighth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (1992–1997)

Under this scheme, ‘Human Resource Development’ was given the highest priority in the country to employment or education and public health. To improve education under this scheme. Under the Eighth Five Year Plan, the gradual opening of the Indian economy was corrected by the rapidly growing deficit and foreign debt.

Under this scheme, strengthen the participation of population growth, poverty reduction, employment generation, infrastructure, institutional construction, tourism management, human resource development, panchayat raj, Nagar Palika, NGO and decentralization, and people’s participation. . With 26.6% of the energy, the outlay was preferred.

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Eighth Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 Objective

  • Elimination of illiteracy and universalization of primary education among the people in the age group of 15 to 35 years.
  • Achieve full employment by the end of the century.
  • Energy, transport, communication, and irrigation are to be strengthened under this scheme.

Navi Five Year Plan (1997-2002)

The tenure of this scheme ran from 1997 to 2002. The scheme was launched to meet the goals of rapid industrialization, human development, full-scale employment, poverty reduction, and self-reliance on domestic resources.

The ‘Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana, Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana’ were included under this Navi Five Year Plan. Providing basic infrastructure facilities, safe drinking water, primary health care, transportation, women empowerment to check the increasing population growth, etc. under this scheme.

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The objective of the Navi Five Year Plan

  • The main objective of the 9th Five Year Plan is to achieve social justice and economic growth. To achieve this goal, emphasis should be laid on areas such as employment, self-reliance, and regional balance.
  • The actual achievement against the target of 3.9 percent of the growth rate in the agriculture sector in the Ninth Plan was only 2.1 percent.
  • Utilizing natural resources in a proper manner and preserving them completely.

Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007)

Under this scheme, by the year 2007, by reducing the poverty ratio by 5 percentage points, apart from the labor force, gainful and high-quality jobs were provided. Under this tenth five-year plan, rapid development was done in those areas of the country where employment opportunities were available. These include agriculture, construction, tourism, small-scale industries, retail, information technology, and related services in the communications sector, etc.

The objective of the Tenth Five Year Plan

  • Under this scheme, employment houses were provided in undeveloped areas of the country.
  • In the 10th Five Year Plans, the maximum emphasis was laid on agriculture and the maximum expenditure was on energy.
  • Make access to primary education ubiquitous by the year 2007.

Gyaravi Five Year Plan (2007 -2012)

The scheme was launched on 1 April 2007. The tenure of the 11th five-year plan ran from 2007 to 31 March 2012. The main objective of the scheme was rapid and inclusive growth. The total budget of the state’s Five Year Plans has been approved by the Planning Commission of Rs 71731.98 crore. To achieve the target of 4% growth in agriculture and 9-11% per annum increase in services. Access to electricity for people living below poverty in rural areas.

Outside Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021 (2012 -2017)

The scheme was launched on 01 April 2012. Under this scheme, the Planning Commission has set a target of achieving 10 percent annual economic growth in the 12th Five-Year Plan from April 01, 2012, to March 31, 2017. The global economic crisis has also impacted the Indian economy.

Under the year plans, the economic sector included agriculture, industry, energy, transport, communication, rural development, and urban development and the social sector included health, education, employment and skill development, women’s agency, child rights, and social inclusion. . In the 2nd Five Year Plans, the annual growth rate has been kept at 8.2 percent.

Teharvi Five Year Plan (2017 – 2022)

This scheme will be started from the year 2017 to 2022. Under this scheme resources books, classrooms, etc. will be repaired and under the Remedial Classes, the weaker sections of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes will be segregated. Will be taught Guidance will be given to the students preparing for the national and state-level eligibility examination, civil services, and other competitive examinations. Subject experts will be called. A separate budget will also be available for career counseling.

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Purpose of Five Year Plan

The Five Year Plan was launched for the development of the country. The main objective of the Five Year Plans is to increase the rate of growth. Investment is also increased through these five-year plans. Along with this, social justice, poverty removal, full employment, modernization, etc. are also taken care of in Five Year Plans. Till now, 13 Five Year Plans have been implemented in our country. Through which some objective has been set by the government and then work has been done on that purpose. The economic condition of the country has also improved a lot through these 5-year plans.

Key Highlights of Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021

  • Name of the Yojana:-Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021
  • Who launched the Indian government
  • Beneficiary citizens of India
  • Objective To develop the country
  • Official website Click here
  • The year 2021

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History of Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021

On 9 July 1951, India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru presented the first five-year plan in Parliament. Five Year Plans was a formal model of the schemes adopted by the Government of India for the effective and balanced use of resources after independence.

The Planning Commission of India was constituted on 15 March 1950 to conduct the five-year plans. The main objective of these Five Year Plans is to properly allocate resources, increase production and provide employment opportunities for everyone. Through these schemes, the Planning Commission was entrusted with the responsibility of raising the standard of living of all the citizens of the country. So far, 13 five-year plans have been launched in India.

Benefits and Features of Panchvarshiya Yojana 2021

  • The Five Year Plans were presented on 9 July 1951 by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • The Planning Commission of India was constituted on 15 March 1950 to conduct these five-year plans.
  • Under the Five Year Plans, some schemes are run for 5 years so that the country can develop, and then new plans are made for the next 5 years.
  • Investments are also taught through Five Year Plans.
  • Through these schemes, attention is also paid to social justice, poverty removal, Pune employment, modernization, etc.
  • To date, 13 5 year schemes have been implemented in the country.
  • The main objective of these five-year plans is to improve the economic condition of the country and also to improve the lifestyle of the countrymen.
  • Through these schemes, increase in production, proper allocation of resources, and also providing employment opportunities to everyone.

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